To understand how bodies of water create microclimates you need to first understand what they are.
What is a Microclimate?
A microclimate is a small region or an area where the climate is slightly different than the surrounding area. This small area or region can include valleys, hillsides, your backyard, a park or any area with some amount of greenery and a body of water.
These microclimate areas can either help the area to stay cool or warm. It depends on the climate of your local region and the geographical area around you. Many people can even use this concept to create their microclimate in their backyards or garden.
Why Can Bodies of Water Create Microclimates?
Bodies of water create microclimates in a way that water loses and gains heat slower than the surrounding land. This helps the air take in moisture from the water and create a humid climate.
Bodies of water such as rivers and lakes work as cooling sources for the surrounding region. They absorb the radiation from the sun and cool the surrounding area through the process of evaporation and condensation.
This is why when you are out on a river, lake, or sea, the climate is much cooler than on the land. This is because the way water reacts to heat is much different than how the surface reacts to heat. Land traps heat while water bodies evaporate to make the region cooler.
How to Create a Microclimate in Your Home
Many individuals and gardeners use different techniques to create a microclimate in their home by manipulating the topography of the area.
Create Paved Areas
Sidewalks, driveways, and patios help in absorbing the heat and then letting it go at night. This creates a moderate temperature at night; however, during the day such surfaces trap heat, and it can be a nightmare. You can create a microclimate around this by placing things that provide shade.
Boulders, rocks, walls, and fences help by protecting the plants from harsh winds and creates a spot for your plants that provides shade to them. It is better to shelter the west and south sides of your home as they are the areas that receive the most sunlight.
Plant Various Vegetables and Fruits
Plant different kinds of vegetables and fruits that you want to grow and add mulch to the soil to protect them. You can even add small ponds in your garden to help create a cooler microclimate for your garden.
Apart from natural bodies of water creating microclimates, you can create one on your own. Many people who do organic farming or grow things in their homes use the benefits of a microclimate to create the best produce in optimal conditions.
It is not just restricted to water, as many other factors also contribute towards a microclimate. The idea is to understand the phenomenon and then by using the right tools and techniques, you can create one in your home that suits your needs and your plants.